The Chickasaw Nation
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Database Fields: Artifacts

Database Fields: Glass Beads

Glass Bead Descriptions

Glass Bead Database

Glass Bead Sequence
A Beginning

Major Bead Types/Varieties
Glass Bead Chronology - Start/Finish

Glass Bead Sequence
Major Bead Fields

Glass Bead Sequence
Minor Bead Fields

Glass Bead Sequence
Major & Minor Glass Bead Fields

Glass Bead Chronology
An End, A Beginning

Glass Bead Chronology
Dating

Other Artifacts - Dating

Beads as Heirlooms

Bead Dating Conclusions

Other Factors
Appreciation

Paper 2 Figures

Paper 2 Tables

Paper 2 References


Glass Bead Sequence - The Minor Bead Fields

The minor bead fields (types/varieties) are included on Table 2 (with the major bead fields) and amount to the lesser feature ranked beads (less than six features without exclusive or single bead occurrences). That the minor beads occur in fewer features is significant to the methods used herein and the confidence of situating the minor beads within the sequence, especially when minor beads occur exclusively and/or as singles. Still, the minor beads are a part of the database and will be treated as such. The minor bead graphics differ slightly from the major beads fields in that each minor bead will be graphed with the major beads.

The graphs will appear much like the minor beads. The logic of sequence positioning will accompany the charts. How the minor bead fits graphically with predecessor and successor major beads will determine its positional order. Because of the limited number of features available, most of the minor beads will be equated temporally with a major bead.

Figure 20 represents minor bead IB/IIIB XL, as well as the first bead in the Chickasaw sequence.

Figure 20 IB/IIIB XL Minor Glass Bead Associations
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Figure 20 IB/IIIB XL Minor Glass Bead Associations

IA/IIIA XL is not 100% associated with any major bead, but it is most associated with IVA2. See Figure 19 and note that IB/IIIB XL's successor beads, IIA1/IVA1, IIA/IVA Other and IIB/IVB, are diminished, and further away in time, compared to IVA2.

The next bead in the Chickasaw sequence is IA/IIIA XL, a minor bead, Figure 21.

Figure 21 I/IIIA XL Minor Glass Bead Associations
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Figure 21 I/IIIA XL Minor Glass Bead Associations

IA/IIIA XL exhibits a similar signature as IB/IIIB XL. It is placed slightly later than IB/IIIB XL as it occurs with several later sequenced beads, WIIIA, WIIA and WIA. However, for the sake of dating IA/IIIA XL will be sequenced with IB/IIIB XL.

Figure 22 IIIA1 Minor Glass Bead Associations
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Figure 22 IIIA1 Minor Glass Bead Associations

IIIA1 demonstrates a close relation to IVA2, IIA1/IVA1 and IIA/IVA Other. The latest sequence major bead that shares that relationship is IIA/IVA Other to which IIIA1 will be located in the sequence.

Figure 23 IVB (IVA2) Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations
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Figure 23 IVB (IVA2) Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations

IVB (IVA2) represents two features, making sequence location difficult. Nonetheless, we will situate IVB (IVA2) with IIB/IVB, the latest major sequenced bead that shares the highest association.

Figure 24 WIE (1) Minor Glass Bead Associations
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Figure 24 WIE (1) Minor Glass Bead Associations

WIE (1) was relegated to minor bead status because it occurs in 5 single bead features, out of 12, and represents only 42 bead specimens. WIE (1) "w/o Singles" is 100% associated with IIB/IVB. That is where the bead will be located in the sequence.

Figure 25 WIIB Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations
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Figure 25 WIIB Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations

WIIB occurred in 5 features, 2 singly. The latest sequenced bead with significant association is WIIA. WIIB will be sequenced with WIIA.

Figure 26 WIB Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations
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Figure 26 WIB Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations

The signature of WIB is most highly associated to WIA. WIB will be sequenced with WIA.

Figure 27 WIIIC Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations
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Figure 27 WIIIC Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations

This chart demonstrates WIIIC equally associated with WIIA and WIA. Since WIA is situated later in the sequence, WIIIC will be linked with WIA.

Figure 28 WIIC Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations
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Figure 28 WIIC Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations

WIIC is almost equally associated with WIA and WIC. Note that WIIC does not exhibit any relationship to IA/IIIA Translucent or the later sequenced major beads. WIIC will be sequenced with WIA and WIC.

Figure 29 IF/IIIF Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations
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Figure 29 IF/IIIF Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations

IF/IIIF is most associated with WIE (2); however, the relationship is not 100%. IF/IIIF on Figure 4 indicates a minor relation to datable Silver. In fact, two features indicate IF/IIIF with non-hallmarked German silver ornaments (not datable) within the eighteenth century villages. IF/IIIF will be situated following WIE (2) in the sequence.

Figure 30 WIB Wrap Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations
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Figure 30 WIB Wrap Minor Glass Bead Feature Associations

Note that Figure 29 includes a minor bead, IF/IIIF, among the major beads graphed. This was because of the strong association between the two minor beads. WIB Wrap will be sequenced with IF/IIIF.

One minor bead type was not graphed - IIIA. These minor beads occurred in a single, exclusive feature. Because this feature was recovered in the eighteenth century villages, IIIA will be situated chronologically with IF/IIIF.